Northern Plains spring wheat crop summary


Weather last week was slightly more conducive to planting progress, although producers in some areas are still struggling to get their crop in the ground. Through the first week in June, 79 percent of the spring wheat has been planted, up 11 percent from the previous week and well behind the average of 98 percent. Planting is nearing completion in South Dakota and Montana with completion rates of 98 and 96 percent respectively. Planting progress advanced 14 percent in both Montana and North Dakota. In Montana, 73 percent has been planted compared to the average of 98 percent and in North Dakota 69 percent has been planted, below the average of 97 percent. In North Dakota, planting remains the furthest behind in the northwest and north central regions where producers are struggling with wet conditions. Some of the fields in these areas simply won’t be planted to any crop this year.

Conditions were slightly warmer over the weekend, helping along emergence, although it is still well behind average. Emergence of the U.S. crop is at 57 percent, compared to the average of 92 percent. Emergence rates range from 39 percent in North Dakota to 93 percent in South Dakota. Temperatures are expected to be warmer the beginning of the week and cool off mid-week with chances of precipitation. Producers will try to make as much progress as possible as long as the weather allows them.

Planting of the Northern durum crop remains significantly behind average and final acreage in North Dakota will be lower than the 1.6 million acre estimate from March. Only 25 percent of the North Dakota crop has been planted, up only 8 percent from last week and considerably behind the five-year average of 94 percent. Emergence is also lagging with 12 percent emerged compared to the average of 78 percent. Producers in Montana have made better progress with 65 percent planted, but that is still below the average of 92 percent. Almost half of the Montana crop has emerged. Producers may continue to plant durum in the next week or two, but weather conditions will be a big factor.

Source: ND Wheat Commission