Although crop development continued to lag well behind the average, many crops were rated in good to excellent condition. As of July 10, barley was 100 percent planted, 99 percent emerged, 84 percent jointed, and 41 percent in the boot stage. Durum wheat was 99 percent planted, 96 percent emerged, 49 percent jointed and 12 percent in the boot stage. Spring wheat was 96 percent emerged, 82 percent jointed and 45 percent in the boot stage.
Oats were 98 percent emerged, 75 percent jointed, and 44 percent in the boot stage. Canola was 100 percent planted, 99 percent emerged and 82 percent in the rosette stage.
Two percent of the corn crop had reached the silking stage, compared to 8 percent last year and 7 percent for the five-year average. Dry edible beans were 4 percent blooming, behind both last year and the average. Dry edible peas were 100 percent planted, 100 percent emerged, and 39 percent flowering. Flaxseed was 99 percent planted, 98 percent emerged, and 11 percent blooming.
As of July 10, potatoes were 14 percent blooming. Soybeans were 17 percent blooming. Sunflowers were 96 percent planted and 95 percent emerged. Other activities during the week included spraying pesticides, cutting hay, and equipment maintenance.
Mixed weather conditions brought for a interesting week. Much of the state was hot and dry, which contributed to good crop development. Soybean progress jumped this week, with 24 percent now blooming, slightly behind the 5-year average of 31 percent. Average corn height is now 32 inches, behind 45 inches for the previous year.
Small grains also made significant progress. Winter Wheat turning coloring, now at 64 percent is still behind the 5-year average of 89 percent. Spring wheat is 76 percent headed, lagging behind the average 94 percent. Oats are 68 percent headed, behind both last year and the average of 93 percent. 1st cutting of alfalfa is now 84 percent complete and the 2nd cutting is started with 15 percent harvested, both behind the 5-year averages of 92 and 25 percent respectively.
Sources: USDA, NASS ND & SD Field Reports