Crop conditions continue to be rated mostly in the good to excellent range, despite the late start due to adverse weather conditions during planting. As of July 17, barley was 97 percent jointed, 81 percent in the boot stage, and 53 percent headed. Durum wheat was 78 percent jointed, 47 percent in the boot stage, and 18 percent headed. Spring wheat was 96 percent jointed, 78 percent in the boot stage, and 47 percent headed. Oats were 95 percent jointed, 79 percent in the boot stage, and 46 percent headed. Canola was 97 percent in the rosette stage, 67 percent blooming, and 1 percent turning.
Three percent of the corn crop had reached the silking stage, compared to 27 percent last year and 20 percent for the five-year average. Dry edible beans were 15 percent blooming, behind both last year and the average. Dry edible peas were 83 percent flowering. Flaxseed was 40 percent blooming. As of July 17, potatoes were 48 percent blooming. Soybeans were 26 percent blooming. Sunflowers were 2 percent blooming. Other activities during the week included spraying pesticides and fungicides, cutting hay, and equipment maintenance.
Crop development accelerated with the warm, humid conditions, which also helped catch up with the growing degree days. Average corn height jumped to 50 inches, just behind 55 inches for the previous year. Corn has started tasseling with 13 percent complete, lagging behind the 5-year average of 30 percent. Soybeans progress increased to 34 percent now blooming, still way behind the 5-year average of 53 percent.
Small grains also made substantial progress. Winter Wheat turning coloring jumped dramatically to 95 percent complete, just short of 98 percent last year. Winter Wheat ripe is now 20 percent, behind the 5-year average of 64 percent. Winter Wheat harvest is well behind the average of 34 percent with only 1 percent completed. Spring wheat is 94 percent headed, just short of 98 percent the previous year. Twenty percent of the spring wheat crop is turning color, lagging behind the 5-year average of 66 percent. Oats are 91 percent headed and 42 percent turning color, still behind previous year averages of 98 and 69 percent respectively. 1st cutting of alfalfa is 92 percent complete and the 2nd cutting is 31 percent harvested both behind the 5-year averages of 97 and 45 percent respectively.
Source: USDA NASS North & South Dakota Offices