The weather was favorable for haying and spraying in many areas of the state. As of July 3, barley was 89 percent planted, compared to 100 percent last year and for the five-year average. Barley was 80 percent emerged, 57 percent jointed, and 13 percent in the boot stage.
Spring and Durum wheat were 95 and 78 percent planted, and 90 and 62 percent emerged, respectively. Spring wheat was 60 percent jointed and 21 percent in the boot stage, while durum was28 percent jointed and 4 percent in the boot stage.
Oats were 97 percent planted, 88 percent emerged, 56 percent jointed, and 19 percent in the boot stage. Canola was 84 percent planted, compared to 100 percent at this point last year and the average. Canola was 80 percent emerged and 52 percent in the rosette stage.
Ninety-eight percent of the dry edible bean crop was emerged, compared to 100 percent last year and 99 percent for the five-year average. Dry edible peas were 86 percent planted, 63 percent emerged, and 21 percent flowering.
Flaxseed was 86 percent planted, 74 percent emerged, and 2 percent blooming. As of July 3, potatoes were 97 percent emerged and 7 percent blooming. Soybeans were 99 percent emerged and 1 percent blooming. Sunflowers were 91 percent planted, compared to 100 percent last year and for the average, and were 83 percent emerged. Other activities during the week included tilling fields, spraying pesticides, cutting hay, and equipment maintenance.
Rain and storms brought mixed conditions the past week. Parts of the state fared well this week with warm, dry weather conditions, while others will be assessing storm damaged fields.
Average corn height is now 22 inches, but behind 35 inches for the previous year. Soybeans are 1 percent in the blooming stage, behind the 5-year average of 13 percent.
Small grains also made progress. Spring wheat is 93 percent in the boot stage and 50 percent headed, lagging behind the averages of 97 and 83 percent respectively. Winter wheat growth made strides with 92 percent headed, but still behind the previous year of 99 percent. Winter wheat turning color at 28 percent is severely behind the 5-year average of 70 percent.
Oats are 89 percent in the boot stage, behind last year’s average of 92 percent. 1st cutting of alfalfa is catching up with averages, now 76 percent complete, just behind the previous year of 78 percent
Source: USDA, NASS offices in North & South Dakota