July 6, 2022
Fargo, US 70 F

South Dakota winter wheat production up from last year, North Dakota spring wheat down

South Dakota

The South Dakota July 1 winter wheat production is forecast at 76.0 million bushels, up 2 percent from the June 1 forecast, according to the South Dakota office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). Forecasted production is up 19 percent from last year’s production of 63.7 million bushels. The yield, at 49 bushels, is up 1 bushel from the June 1 forecast, but unchanged from last year’s yield. Harvested area, at 1.55 million acres, is unchanged from June, but up 250,000 acres from last year’s harvested area of 1.30 million acres.

Other spring wheat production is forecast at 49.14 million bushels, down 17 percent from last year. The yield, forecast at 42 bushels per acre, is unchanged from last year’s yield. Acres intended for harvest, at 1.17 million, are down 240,000 acres from 2010.

Oat production, at 4.42 million bushels, is down 42 percent from last year. The yield is forecast at 68 bushels, down 4 bushels from last year’s yield. Harvested area for grain, at 65,000 acres, is down 40,000 acres from 2010

North Dakota

Spring wheat production for 2011 is forecast at 233.7 million bushels, down 16 percent from the 277.2 million bushels produced last year, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, North Dakota Field Office. The forecasted yield is 38.0 bushels per harvested acre, down 6.0 bushels per acre from last year. Area to be harvested for grain is expected to total 6.15 million acres, down 2 percent from 2010. The crop production forecasts in this report are based on yield projections and acreage reports collected from a cross-section of North Dakota producers around July 1. This report is based on conditions around July 1 and assumes no extreme conditions the remainder of the crop season.

Durum wheat production is forecast at 29.1 million bushels, down 56 percent from the 66.75 million bushels produced last year. The forecasted yield is 30.0 bushels per acre, 7.5 bushels per acre below 2010. Area to be harvested for grain is expected to total 970,000 acres, down 46 percent from last year and 38 percent from 2009.

Winter wheat production is forecast at 15.5 million bushels, down 12 percent from last year and 41 percent below 2009’s record high. The forecasted yield is 50.0 bushels per acre, 5.0 bushels per acre less than in 2010. Area to be harvested for grain is expected to total 310,000 acres, down 3 percent from last year and 43 percent below 2009.

Barley production is forecast at 28.1 million bushels, down 36 percent from last year and 65 percent from 2009. The average yield is forecast at 55.0 bushels per acre, down 10.0 bushels per acre from last year. Area to be harvested for grain is estimated at 510,000 acres, down 24 percent from last year.

Oat production is forecast at 4.13 million bushels, down 36 percent from 2010. The average yield is forecast at 55.0 bushels per acre, down 6.0 bushels per acre from last year. Growers expect to harvest 75,000 acres, down 29 percent from last year.

United States

Spring wheat production is forecast at 551 million bushels, down 11percent from last year. The expected area to be harvested for grain totals 13.2 million acres, unchanged from the Acreage report released on June 30, 2011 but down 1 percent from last year. The United States yield is forecast at 41.7 bushels per acre, 4.4 bushels below 2010. Flooding and prolonged wet weather has slowed crop development in most States. By July 3, heading in North Dakota and Montana had not yet begun, and was 48 and 32 percentage points behind the 5-year average, respectively.

Durum wheat production is forecast at 63.7 million bushels, down 41 percent from 2010. The United States yield is forecast at 38.7 bushels per acre, down 3.7 bushels from last year. Expected area to be harvested for grain totals 1.65 million acres, unchanged from the Acreage report released on June 30, 2011 but down 35 percent from last year. Yield forecasts are down from last year in all major producing States. Due to flooding and excessively wet conditions, crop development in Montana and North Dakota, the two largest producing States, are significantly behind normal.

Winter wheat production is forecast at 1.49 billion bushels, up 3 percent from last month and up slightly from 2010. The United States yield is forecast at 46.2 bushels per acre, up 0.9 bushel from last month but down 0.6 bushel from last year. The area expected to be harvested for grain totals 32.3 million acres, unchanged from the Acreage report released on June 30, 2011 but up 2 percent from last year.

Barley production for 2011 is forecast at 173 million bushels, down 4 percent from 2010. Based on conditions as of July 1, the average yield for the United States is forecast at 69.6 bushels per acre, down 3.5 bushels from last year’s record high. Area harvested for grain or seed, at 2.48 million acres, is unchanged from the previous forecast but up 1 percent from 2010. A record high yield is expected in Utah.

Oat production is forecast at 56.6 million bushels, down 30 percent from 2010. If realized, this will be the lowest production on record, surpassing the previous record low set last year. Based on conditions as of July 1, the average yield for the United States is forecast at 60.5 bushels per acre, down 3.8 bushels from 2010. Growers expect to harvest 934,000 acres for grain or seed, unchanged from the previous forecast but down 26 percent from last year. If realized, this will be smallest harvested area on record, also surpassing the previous record low set last year. Compared with 2010, yield decreases are expected in 13 of the 17 estimating States.

Sources: USDA NASS North & South Dakota offices

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