Despite heat, grain development is succeeding

North Dakota

Small grain development continued to progress quickly after late planting, leading many producers to begin preparations for harvest.

As of July 31, barley was 93 percent headed, 62 percent in the milk stage, and 22 percent turning. Durum wheat was 92 percent jointed, 84 percent in the boot stage, 57 percent headed, 28 percent in the milk stage, and 2 percent turning. Spring wheat was 98 percent in the boot stage, 91 percent headed, 57 percent in the milk stage, and 18 percent turning.

Oats were 97 percent in the boot stage, 93 percent headed, 53 percent in the milk stage, and 16 percent turning. Canola was 99 percent blooming and 19 percent turning.

Sixty percent of the corn crop had reached the silking stage, compared to 83 percent last year and 67 percent for the five-year average. Dry edible beans were 84 percent blooming, still behind both last year and the average. Dry edible peas were 96 percent flowering and 8 percent mature. Flaxseed was 72 percent blooming and 7 percent turning.

As of July 31, potatoes were 93 percent blooming and 60 percent had rows filled. Soybeans were 80 percent blooming and 30 percent setting pods. Sunflowers were 11 percent blooming. Other activities during the week included spraying pesticides, cutting hay, and equipment maintenance.

South Dakota

Crops continue to progress as the weather has allowed for good growth and development.

Corn now 84 percent tasseled, just behind the previous year of 89 percent, silked stage jumped to 57 percent complete, now even with the 5-year average. Soybeans blooming are at 81 percent, just shy of 84 percent for the 5-year average. Soybeans setting pods, now at 26 percent, are behind the 34 percent for last year.

Winter Wheat harvest is in full swing with 72 percent complete, behind 82 percent on the previous year. Harvest has started for spring wheat, with 11 percent done, behind the previous year of 31 percent.

Sources: ND & SD USDA FSA National Ag Statistics Service