ND & SD harvests underway


North Dakota

Some producers reported insect damage and concerns that the recent excessive moisture would promote disease. Access to fields remained an issue in a few areas.

As of August 7, barley was 99 percent headed, 90 percent in the milk stage, 50 percent turning, and 3 percent harvested. Durum wheat was 100 percent jointed, 98 percent in the boot stage, 89 percent headed, 52 percent in the milk stage, and 12 percent turning. Spring wheat was 99 percent headed, 87 percent in the milk stage, 46 percent turning, and 2 percent harvested.

Oats were 97 percent headed, 85 percent in the milk stage, 46 percent turning, and 2 percent harvested. Canola was 46 percent turning and 1 percent swathed.

Eighty-one percent of the corn crop had reached the silking stage, compared to 95 percent last year and 84 percent for the five-year average. Dry edible beans were 92 percent blooming, 59 percent setting pods, and 4 percent fully podded. Dry edible peas were 22 percent mature, significantly behind both last year and the average. Flaxseed was 87 percent blooming and 18 percent turning.

As of August 7, potatoes were 100 percent blooming and 80 percent had rows filled. Soybeans were 89 percent blooming, 60 percent setting pods, and 1 percent fully podded. Sunflowers were 36 percent blooming. Other activities during the week included spraying pesticides and cutting hay.


South Dakota

The warm weather has allowed crops to make good progress, but some areas of prolonged dry conditions are starting to show stress.

Soybeans blooming are at 92 percent, now equal to the 5-year average. Soybeans setting pods are now 49 percent complete, behind the previous year of 59 percent. Ninety-five percent of the corn is tasseled, just ahead of the five year average of 94 percent.

Corn silked is 75 percent complete, just short of the 5-year average of 77 percent. Small grains are also making good progress and harvest continues to make progress.

Winter wheat harvest is nearing the end with 91 percent complete, just shy of 94 percent for the previous year. Ninety-eight percent of the spring wheat crop is turning color, just short of 100 percent for the previous year. Spring wheat harvest now 36 percent complete, is well behind the previous year of 51 percent and the five-year average of 55 percent. Oats are 97 percent turning color and 58 percent harvested, still behind last year averages of 100 and 62 percent, respectively.

Second cutting of alfalfa is 83 percent complete and 3rd cutting is now 12 percent harvested both nearing the 5-year averages of 84 and 16 percent, respectively.

Sources: USDA NASS ND & SD Field Offices