North and South Dakota crops advancing slowly


North Dakota

Small grain conditions remained mostly good to excellent as more growers across the state began harvesting activities. Soil moisture levels in some fields remained a barrier to entry.

As of August 21, barley was 93 percent turning and 31 percent harvested. Durum wheat was 88 percent in the milk stage, 59 percent turning, and 2 percent harvested. Spring wheat was 89 percent turning and 21 percent harvested. Oats were 97 percent in the milk stage, 79 percent turning, and 21 percent harvested. Canola was 87 percent turning, 41 percent swathed, and 6 percent harvested.

Fifty-five percent of the corn crop had reached the dough stage, behind 80 percent at this point last year but ahead of 54 percent for the five-year average.

Dry edible beans were 94 percent setting pods, 35 percent fully podded, and 8 percent had lower leaves yellowing. Dry edible peas were 90 percent mature and 27 percent harvested. Flaxseed was 61 percent turning and 3 percent harvested.

As of August 21, 1 percent of potatoes had vines killed. Soybeans were 93 percent setting pods, 32 percent fully podded, and 1 percent had lower leaves yellowing. Sunflowers were 82 percent blooming and 1 percent had ray flowers dropped.

Other activities during the week included spraying pesticides and cutting hay.


South Dakota

Row crop development is advancing slowly, with some areas still needing rain to catch up with previous years.

Soybeans setting pods are at 88 percent, behind the previous year of 95 percent. Corn silked is now 97 percent complete, behind last year’s 100 percent, but even with the 5-year average. Fifty-five percent of the corn is at or beyond the dough stage, with 7 percent in the dent stage, well behind the 5-year average of 21 percent.

Small grain harvesting is progressing on schedule with the exception of barley. Spring wheat harvested is now 86 percent complete, slightly behind the 5-year average of 88 percent. Oats are 90 percent harvested, just 2 percentage points behind the 5-year average of 92 percent.