North Dakota small grain farmers concerned about insects, South Dakota makes significant progress


North Dakota

Some small grain producers were concerned about insect and disease damaging the late planted crop. Moisture levels remained a barrier to entry in many fields.

As of August 14, barley was 97 percent in the milk stage, 85 percent turning, and 9 percent harvested. Durum wheat was 97 percent headed, 78 percent in the milk stage, 35 percent turning, and 1 percent harvested. Spring wheat was 98 percent in the milk stage, 73 percent turning, and 6 percent harvested. Oats were 91 percent in the milk stage, 69 percent turning, and 4 percent harvested. Canola was 70 percent turning and 14 percent swathed.

Ninety-six percent of the corn crop had reached the silking stage, compared to 100 percent last year and 94 percent for the five-year average. Dry edible beans were 97 percent blooming, 86 percent setting pods, and 16 percent fully podded. Dry edible peas were 75 percent mature, behind both last year and the average. Flaxseed was 97 percent blooming and 38 percent turning. As of August 14, 97 percent of potatoes had rows filled. Soybeans were 95 percent blooming, 79 percent setting pods, and 10 percent fully podded. Sunflowers were 63 percent blooming.

Other activities during the week included spraying pesticides and cutting hay.


South Dakota

Development of row crops made significant progress last week with good weather conditions.

Soybeans setting pods are 78 percent, just behind the previous year of 79 percent. Corn silked is 93 percent complete, ahead of the 5-year average of 90 percent. Twenty-eight percent of the corn is at or beyond the dough stage, with just 1 percent in the dent stage.

Small grains continue to make progress with this week’s good conditions. Winter wheat harvest is rapidly approaching conclusion with 98 percent complete, ahead of the 5-year average of 96 percent. Spring wheat harvest is now 64 percent complete, still behind the previous year’s 77 percent. Oats are 76 percent harvested, still behind last year’s average of 85 percent. Second cutting of alfalfa is 89 percent complete, now even with the 5-year average. The 3rd cutting is now 22 percent harvested just short of the previous year of 24 percent.

Sources: USDA, NASS ND & SD Field Offices