Small grain harvest made progress toward completion in North Dakota during the past week. As of August 28, barley was 99 percent turning and 58 percent harvested. Durum wheat was 96 percent in the milk stage, 82 percent turning, and 13 percent harvested. Spring wheat was 97 percent turning and 43 percent harvested. Oats were 94 percent turning, and 42 percent harvested. Canola was 95 percent turning, 72 percent swathed, and 30 percent harvested. Seventy-four percent of the corn crop had reached the dough stage, behind 93 percent at this point last year but ahead of 70 percent for the five-year average. Dry edible beans were 98 percent setting pods, 72 percent fully podded, and 24 percent had lower leaves yellowing. Dry edible peas were 96 percent mature and 61 percent harvested. Flaxseed was 80 percent turning and 8 percent harvested. Soybeans were 98 percent setting pods, 70 percent fully podded, and 6 percent had lower leaves yellowing. Sunflowers were 96 percent blooming and 9 percent had ray flowers dropped. Other activities during the week included spraying pesticides and cutting hay.
In South Dakota, another week of warm and dry weather brought 6.5 days suitable for field work. Some areas are beginning to notice signs of stress on crops and pastures from lack of rain. Livestock conditions improved slightly, even though some pastures are showing signs of stress from decreased moisture. Major activities this week included; wrapping up small grain harvesting and preparing for winter wheat seeding, harvesting hay, preparing for harvesting of silage, and tending to livestock. Row crop development continues to advance slowly, with some areas starting to show stress from lack of rain. Soybeans setting pods are at 95 percent, behind the previous year of 99 percent. Eighty-seven percent of the corn is at or beyond the dough stage, with 26 percent in the dent stage, well behind the 5-year average of 39 percent. Small grain harvesting is nearly complete with the exception of barley. Spring wheat harvested is now 97 percent complete, slightly ahead of the 5-year average of 95 percent. Oats are 98 percent harvested, just 1 percentage point ahead of the 5-year average of 97 percent. Barley harvested is only 87 percent complete, still well behind the 5-year average of 94 percent by this date.