The small grain harvest neared completion this week in many areas. As of September 11, barley was 93 percent harvested. Durum wheat was 98 percent turning and 61 percent harvested. Spring wheat was 82 percent harvested. Oats were 88 percent harvested. Canola was 92 percent swathed and 69 percent harvested.
Ninety-nine percent of the corn crop had reached the dough stage, behind 100 percent at this point last year but ahead of 90 percent for the five-year average. Corn for silage was 10 percent chopped. Dry edible beans were 99 percent fully podded, 83 percent had lower leaves yellowing, 56 percent were dropping leaves, and 7 percent had been cut. Dry edible peas were 93 percent harvested. Flaxseed was 97 percent turning and 40 percent harvested. As of September 11, forty-eight percent of potatoes had vines killed, and 7 percent were dug.
Soybeans were 98 percent fully podded, 48 percent had lower leaves yellowing, and 13 percent had dropped leaves. Seventy-three percent of sunflowers had ray flowers dropped, 32 percent had bracts turned yellow, and 2 percent had bracts turned brown. Other activities during the week included spraying pesticides, cutting hay, and beginning preparations for winter wheat planting.
Row crops are beginning to reach maturity, though some are still behind last years’ development and the five year averages. Soybeans dropping leaves are at 33 percent, behind the previous year of 45 percent.
Seventy-nine percent of the corn is now at the dent stage, with 10 percent rated mature, behind last year at 19 percent mature. Harvesting of corn silage is now 41 percent complete, behind last year at 54 percent, but slightly ahead of the 5-year average of 40 percent.
Sunflower in the ray flowers dry stage are estimated at 86 percent, ahead of last years’ 82 percent. Sorghum is 87 percent coloring, ahead of the 5-year average of 84 percent. Third cuttings of alfalfa are 81 percent complete, ahead of the previous year of 75 percent. Producers are making progress with seeding of winter wheat with 17 percent complete, 2 percentage points ahead of last year and only 1 percentage point behind the 5-year average.
Source: USDA NASS ND & SD Field Offices