SD cattle inventory down, sheep inventory up

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The January 1, 2012 South Dakota inventory of all cattle and calves totaled 3.65 million head, according to the South Dakota office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.  This is down 1 percent from last year’s inventory level and down 4 percent from two years ago.

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 1.70 million head, was unchanged from January 1, 2011.

Beef cows totaled 1.61 million head on January 1, unchanged from a year ago.

Other classes and their changes from a year ago are:

● Milk cows, at 90,000 head, unchanged from last year.

● All heifers 500 pounds and over, at 895,000 head, up from 880,000 head on January 1, 2011.

● Steers 500 pounds and over, at 690,000 head, down 60,000 head from a year earlier.

● Calves under 500 pounds,  at 275,000 head, down 10,000 head from a year earlier.

Calves born during 2011 totaled 1,620,000 head, down 30,000 head from 2010. Total cattle on feed for the slaughter market in South Dakota on January 1, 2012, numbered 320,000 head.  This is down 80,000 head from one year ago.

Sheep Inventory Up from last year

– The January 1, 2012 South Dakota inventory of all sheep and lambs totaled 285,000 head, according to the South Dakota office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Total inventory was up 20,000 head from last year’s revised total of 265,000 head.  The breeding herd totaled 225,000 head, increasing by 15,000 head  from last year’s revised 210,000 head.  The marketing herd increased by 5,000 head, totaling 60,000 head for 2012.  Other classes and their changes from one year ago are:

● Ewes one year old and older, at 185,000 head, up 12,000 head from last year’s revised total of 173,000 head.

● Rams and wethers one year old and older, at 7,000 head, unchanged from January 1, 2011.

● Replacement lambs for breeding, at 33,000 head, up 3,000 from last year’s revised total of 30,000 head.

Lambs born during 2011 totaled 235,000 head, up 5,000 head from the 2010 crop.

Wool production for 2011, at 1,970,000 pounds, was up 100,000 pounds from a year earlier.  Sheep and lambs shorn totaled 260,000 head, compared to 240,000 head in 2010.

Meat goats in South Dakota on January 1, 2012, totaled 7,800 head, down 8 percent from last year’s 8,500 head.   Milk goats on January 1 totaled 2,100 head, down 9 percent from last year.

Source: USDA NASS SD Field Office

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