The SDSU Agricultural Experiment Station has released two new hard red spring wheat varieties, Advance and Forefront. South Dakota wheat growers will soon have access to the two new varieties.
The varieties have currently been released into the South Dakota Crop Improvement Association seed certification program and will ultimately be made available as certified seed through the efforts of the Association.
Developed to excel in two distinctly different growing conditions, present in the two wheat producing regions of the state, Advance is a later maturing variety, while Forefront is a typical South Dakota spring wheat cultivar.
“Weather conditions are changing. Climate seems to be increasingly variable, so there is a continued need for improved, new and updated wheat varieties,” said Daniel Scholl, director of the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station and associate dean of Research for the College of Agriculture and Biological Sciences.
Adapted to the cooler and wetter growing conditions central South Dakota has experienced the last few years, Advance is unique to other cultivars released from the SDSU breeding program says Karl Glover, associate professor of spring wheat breeding at South Dakota State University.
“Advance is really adapted to conditions where moisture and heat stress are not present,” said Glover, adding that Advance is a perfect example of how SDSU’s breeding program can adapt to meet growers’ changing needs created by environmental or industry factors. “It wasn’t until 2008, when weather conditions began to change from hot and dry to more humid and cool that we had the ability to select for what became Advance.”
He adds that both varieties carry yield advantages, have high test weights and are resistant to leaf and stem rust, with Advance being more resistant to bacterial leaf streak – a disease which favors cooler, wetter growing conditions.
“As a plant breeder, it’s my job to make incremental improvements to each variety that is released,” Glover said. “Our overall goal is to increase our growers’ yields and profits.”
Before Advance or Forefront could be released, a Variety Release Committee at SDSU scrutinized their performance. Upon their recommendation, Daniel Scholl, director of the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station and associate dean of Research for the College of Agriculture and Biological Sciences approved their release.
Source: SDSU Extension