USDA’s weekly crop progress report for this week reports the nation’s corn crop is finally completely planted. But, corn condition did take a hit over the last week, with dry weather taking the crop from 72 percent in good-to-excellent condition to 66 percent. The nation’s soybean crop is 97 percent planted, at 90 percent emergence. Winter wheat harvest continues well ahead of normal progress, with 35 percent harvested, up from 16 percent last year. And spring wheat is 15 percent headed this week, well above a 2 percent average for this time.
For North Dakota, barley was 73 percent jointed and 28 percent was in the boot stage, ahead of the five year (2007-2011) averages of 21 percent jointed and 2 percent normally in the boot stage, respectively. Durum wheat advanced 42 percentage points to 62 percent jointed, ahead of zero last year and 9 percent on average. Spring wheat was 74 percent jointed and 36 percent was in the boot stage, ahead of the respective averages of 23 percent and 3 percent. Oats were 81 percent jointed and 36 percent were in the boot stage, ahead of 24 percent and 2 percent on average, respectively. Sixty percent of canola was in the rosette stage, compared with zero last year and 18 percent on average. On Sunday, dry edible beans were 91 percent emerged, up from 15 percent last year and the average of 41 percent. Up 26 percentage points from last week, flaxseed was 85 percent emerged. Potatoes were 86 percent emerged, compared with 20 percent last year and 49 percent on average. Sunflowers advanced to 63 percent emerged from last week’s 31 percent. Conditions of small grains were either slightly improved or essentially unchanged. The exception was Durum wheat which worsened slightly since last week. All other crop conditions showed improvement from last week.
For South Dakota, development advanced for all crops, but conditions remained relatively stable with hope for rain in the near future. Corn had an average height of 12 inches, ahead of the five year average of 6 inches. Eighty-three percent of corn has been cultivated or sprayed once. Soybeans were at 89 percent emerged, ahead of the five year average of 51 percent. Sorghum was at 89 percent planted, with 68 percent emerged. Sunflowers were at 71 percent planted. Winter wheat was at 96 percent headed, ahead of the five year average of 52 percent. Twelve percent of winter wheat has turned color. Spring wheat was at 94 percent in the boot stage, with 55 percent headed. Barley was at 86 percent in the boot stage, with 12 percent headed. Oats were reported at 46 percent headed, surpassing the five year average of 6 percent.
Sources: USDA NASS ND & SD Field Offices