July 1, 2022
Fargo, US 78 F

Slow but Steady Progress in Wheat Harvest

Producers in wheat-growing regions were able to make some progress over the last week. As of September 23, USDA estimates that 87 percent of the U.S. spring wheat crop has been harvested, behind last year and the 5-year average. The most recent crop progress report from USDA estimates that 73 percent of the North Dakota durum was harvested, but some areas of production are reporting harvest completion of 50 percent or less. In Montana, about half has been harvested.

The North Dakota Wheat Commission reports that harvest in South Dakota is nearly complete and that it has progressed from 73 percent last week to 85 percent in North Dakota. Much of the region received precipitation over the weekend, with isolated areas receiving four or five inches or more. At this point, some of the wheat may not be harvested due to inability to access fields and severe quality downgrades.

Samples collected at the NDSU wheat quality lab show that protein remains stable at 14.6 percent, test weight is averaging 60.3 pounds per bushel (79.3 kg/hl), thousand kernel weights are higher than last year at 34.1 grams. The crop currently grades a No. 1 Northern Spring. Falling number values are noticeably lower this year. While many producers harvested a good crop with strong yields and good quality, other producers are struggling with issues of lower falling number values this year. A larger than normal portion of the crop has falling numbers below 300 with some reports below 200 or lower.

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