USDA Small Grains 2020 Summary

Small Grains
2020 Summary

September 2020

All wheat production totaled 1.83 billion bushels in 2020, down 5 percent
from the revised 2019 total of 1.93 billion bushels. Area harvested for grain
totaled 36.7 million acres, down 2 percent from the previous year. The
United States yield was estimated at 49.7 bushels per acre, down 2.0 bushels
from the previous year. The levels of production and changes from 2019 by
type were: winter wheat, 1.17 billion bushels, down 11 percent; other spring
wheat, 586 million bushels, up 4 percent; and Durum wheat,
68.8 million bushels, up 28 percent.

Oat production was estimated at 65.4 million bushels, up 23 percent from
2019. Yield was estimated at 65.1 bushels per acre, up 0.8 bushel from the
previous year. Harvested area, at 1.00 million acres, was 21 percent above
last year.

Barley production was estimated at 165 million bushels, down 4 percent from
the revised 2019 total of 172 million bushels. The average yield, at
77.5 bushels per acre, was down 0.2 bushel from the previous year. Producers
seeded 2.62 million acres in 2020, down 5 percent from 2019. Harvested area,
at 2.13 million acres, was down 4 percent from 2019.

This report was approved on September 30, 2020.